In 1930 Fyodor Tokarev produced a pistol chambered for the 7.62x25mm cartridge which is perceived to be a modification of the .30 Mauser cartridge (7.65x25mm). This pistol was adopted as the standard sidearm for Russian troops.
In 1933 the pistol was replaced by the TT33 model which was a 1930 continuing design effort of Tokarev. Tula is a city in Russia which is the largest handgun manufacturing area in that country. The Tula-Tokarev TT33 design is generally perceived in America to borrow heavily from John M. Browning’s designs of the early 1900’s. The result is currently known as the Tokarev and is frequently found in 7.62 Tokarev (7.62x25mm) and in 9mm Parabellum (9x19mm).
In 1945, Russia began gradually replacing its 7.62x25mm firearms with the less powerful 9x18mm Makarov design. The Pistolet Makarov can be found in .380 as well as the standard 9mm Makarov (9x18mm).
In 1952 the Czechs developed the M52 pistol chambered for the 7.62x25mm Tokarev cartridge. The slide is an unusual design that utilizes cams and rollers in the lock mechanism (similar to some German machine gun designs).